Government of Canada

The Government of Canada is providing support to Adaptation Canada 2020 through the following departments:

  • Natural Resources Canada
  • Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
  • Environment and Climate Change Canada
  • Indigenous Services Canada
  • Transport Canada


Here is an overview of climate change mitigation and adaptation work within Environment and Climate Change Canada and Transport Canada.

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) informs Canadians about protecting and conserving our natural heritage, and ensuring a clean, safe and sustainable environment for present and future generations. Through its mandate, ECCC works to reduce emissions, grow the economy and build resilience to a changing climate. By taking action on adaptation, we are helping protect the health, well-being and prosperity of Canadians, and managing risks to communities, businesses and ecosystems.

Actions ECCC is taking, alongside federal partners, to build resilience to climate impacts include:

  • Conducting and communicating research on the climate system to provide quantitative projections to support adaptation and mitigation decision-making.
  • Making information about climate change more widely available, including through:
    • the Canadian Centre for Climate Services, which provides Canadians with the information and support they need to understand and reduce risks from climate change; and
    • Canada’s Changing Climate Report, the first comprehensive review of past and future climate change in Canada.
  • Ensuring the long-term health and resilience of our ecosystems and natural environment.
  • Collaborating with domestic partners on adaptation priorities, such as nature-based solutions to climate change and measuring progress on adaptation.
  • Working on international initiatives, such as the Global Commission on Adaptation, to accelerate adaptation actions globally.
  • Making our operations and assets more resilient to climate change through the Greening Government Strategy

Transport Canada

Transport Canada (TC) supports climate change adaptation, resilience, and risk assessment of the Canadian transportation system through:

  • Evidence-based policy advice to Transport Canada’s senior management, integrating climate change considerations into departmental decisions, and strengthening climate change risk and adaptation knowledge and capacity within TC and in the broader Canadian transportation sector, through engagement and collaboration. Examples include:

    • Engaging in domestic and international fora
    • Hosting climate change adaptation webinars
    • Generating and sharing knowledge (e.g. The Climate Risks & Adaptation Practices for the Canadian Transportation Sector 2016 report)
    • Incorporating a climate resilience lens under the $2 billion National Trade Corridors Fund
    • Developing TC’s next adaptation plan
  • The Northern Transportation Adaptation Initiative, which seeks to increase the capacity of Northerners to adapt transportation systems to climate change. Project examples include:

    • Study to monitor permafrost conditions under the Iqaluit Airport runway
    • Study to understand the financial impacts of climate change on maintenance activities and engineering projects for Canadian highways built on permafrost
    • Study to develop a vulnerability index for transportation systems in Inuit communities

  • The Transportation Assets Risk Assessment initiative provides funding to better understand climate risks to federally-owned transportation assets and potential adaptation solutions. Project examples include:

    • Climate risk assessments of six airports, four ports, six ferry terminals, one bridge and five highways
    • One airport instrumentation/data purchase project
    • Four applied research projects with two ports and one applied research project with the National Research Council.